8 How to get rid of kudzu? The parcel had been vacant for seven years prior, and a county agriculture agent predicted Cope would “perish to death” before making a buck off it. “But nothing eradicates it 100 percent.”. Kudzu originates in East Asia. They can use a scent to repel predators such as stink bugs. And the Japanese promoted kudzu—“the wonder vine”—as a plant capable of taking root on land that couldn’t be cultivated for anything else. I have collected answers to these and other questions in the Kudzu FAQ. In quarantined labs, Department of Agriculture scientists are exploring whether insect predators native to Asia can destroy kudzu without harming crops or livestock. Within a decade, the amount of kudzu in cultivation went from 10,000 to 500,000 acres. I've seen this happen several times lately and caught this one on video. Had he just stumbled into a business opportunity? It has been spreading rapidly in the southern U.S., "easily outpacing the use of herbicide spraying and mowing, as well increasing the costs of these controls by $6 million annually". Des Weiteren soll Kudzu bei der Alkohol- und Rauchentwöhnung helfen. Kristen Hinman is a freelance writer in Washington, D.C. To woo wary private landowners, the soil service offered compensation of up to $8 per planted acre—a pretty penny to turn down during the Depression. “If I’d been around in the ’30s and read the Front Porch Farmer, and seen creeks dried up like deserts, I probably would have done the same thing people did in those days—plant kudzu,” says Miller. Perhaps more disturbing, these weeds can collaborate to destroy agriculture. If it were not for winter, there would only be 40 American states. Miller has spent the bulk of his career looking for a way to smother kudzu. The plant was initially introduced as a means of controlling soil erosion. The exotic perennial with pliant, fuzzy runners, broad leaves and small clusters of brilliant purple blossoms that emitted the sweet smell of grapes was also a beautiful sight to behold. The weight of Kudzu smothering plants also can kill them (Kudzu can even pull down trees!). This has earned it the nickname "the vine that ate the South". Juanitta Baldwin, author of Kudzu Cuisine, and William Shurtleff and Akiko Aoyagi, who wrote The Book of Kudzu, found ways to use the leaves and roots in the kitchen. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. Henry Armstrong, the only boxer to hold three titles simultaneously. Farmers were moving their livestock production indoors and trying to reforest available pasture. Almost nothing stops it. One day, Charles discovered his pigs and goats, even his chickens, noshing greedily on “the front porch vine,” as many called kudzu in those days. “The volume and amount that was planted was so large that occasionally it interfered with other crop plants or other land uses. Melissa Farlow / National Geographic / Getty . It takes 10-15 years to control a patch of kudzu. “There is nothing more important to the nation and to you and me than holding soil and water on lands where rain falls. Decades of cotton production without crop rotation had destroyed nutrient balances in the country’s farmland. “It will graze more hogs per acre than any legume plant we have ever grown,” boasted one scientist. In Japan, kuzu has been praised in poetry and considered a healthy food and ideal thickener for over 1000 years. These are some of the best links to kudzu that I have found. “We have overcome frustration, confusion, drudgery.” Kudzu was the lifeblood of his system. Kudzu plant spread over the whole valley. Meanwhile, some enterprising sorts found alternative uses for the vine. And it was at least as appetizing to livestock as other nutrient-rich feeds, like alfalfa, that had to be trucked to the South. In the 1930s, kudzu was praised for its ability to stabilize eroding land and as a food source for cows, Czapar said. As the beetles feed, they destroy all the grasses. Kudzu has since been nipping at the North as well, reaching into Pennsylvania and New York and pushing west to Nebraska, Oklahoma, even Oregon, potentially blanketing more than 7 million acres of U.S. territory and wreaking significant economic damage— perhaps more than $50 million annually. Kudzu - or kuzu (クズ) - is native to Japan and southeast China. No one realized that an invasive monster had just gained a foothold on American soil. 2 Natural habitat of kudzu. Bolstered by the findings, the Soil Conservation Service launched a kudzu planting campaign across the South in 1935. In early 1900s, it was recognized and promoted as a forage crop and planted throughout the southeastern U.S. Kudzu maintained its champions. Charles Ringling, one of the seven Ringling brothers of circus fame. In our work we are face to face with the task of holding, restoring, and putting to work a large part of our farm which has been washed away by carelessness and ignorance. But the herbicide is highly water-soluble; it leeches into surface water used for irrigation and destroys crops. But with kudzu proliferating in at least 32 states, northeast to Maine and northwest to Washington, most efforts hinge on wiping out the stealth creepers. Large numbers are crawling on the vine plants. Akita H, Sowa J, Makiura M, et al. It was originally exported from Japan in 1876 and was considered an ornamental plant. Kudzu jumped to front-runner status. Goats are fond of it, not sure how many goats are in Japan though. They weren’t in the business of cash crop farming, per se, but maintained a small herd of animals. In 1920, hoping to kick-start a hay trade that the railroad could haul, the Central Georgia Railroad bought thousands of kudzu plants from the Pleases to give to farmers to plant. Kudzu is a climbing, woody or semi-woody, perennial vine capable of reaching heights of 20 - 30 m (66 - 98 ft) in trees, but also scrambles extensively over lower vegetation. It has completely taken over the southern part of the united states. The Invasive Species Kudzu: Kudzu was originally from Southeast Asia in Japan, China, and Korea. Kudzu was first brought to the U.S. by Japan, which promoted it as an ornamental and as a forage crop at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Peter Carl Goldmark, engineer, developed the first commercial color television and the long-playing phonograph record. Of 12 known herbicides, 10 have no effect, and 2 make it grow better. Kudzu is a plant that is native to Japan, but very prevalent in the southern United States due to its importation as a ground cover in the 19th century. It was first introduced to the United States during the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876 where it was touted as a great ornamental plant for its sweet-smelling blooms and sturdy vines. By the 1950s, legions were asking for help with eradication and begging for tax relief when property became useless, uttering, “It was like discovering Old Blue was a chicken killer.” The Kudzu Club of America disbanded and the Department of Agriculture stopped its planting program. Ibrahim Rugova, first President of Kosovo (1992–2000) and was re-elected by parliament (2002–2006). Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window). I do! Within a dozen years’ time, Cope had tamed some 200 acres with a novel livestock and crop-rotation strategy: front porch farming. He did find one—picloram, or “agent pink” as he calls it—that was “extremely effective” if applied with persistence, and he trained a few folks how to apply it. The ravaged, fragile topsoil of the Great Plains and South were blowing away, leaving a gaping Dust Bowl across the country’s southern and midsections by the early 1930s. Ann Patchett, author; her novel Bel Canto received the Orange Prize for Fiction and the PEN/Faulkner Award (2002). Kudzu festivals cropped up, where young men rose to “tell how [they were] raising hogs in gullies which are covered up in kudzu,” and young lookers like Martha Jane Stewart Wilson, of Hale County, Ala., got the “thrill” and “privilege of being the Queen of Kudzu.” Food companies, meanwhile, tried to market products like “kudzup.” Business Week called the plant “cash on the vine.” Time called Cope kudzu’s “chief cultist.”. Stone Phillips, Emmy-winning journalist; co-anchor of Dateline NBC. According to a study at a Georgia research station, the plant could stop 80 percent more water and 99 percent more soil from running off than cotton could. Hugh Hammond Bennett, head of the Soil Conservation Service, proclaimed, “What, short of a miracle, can you call this plant?”, In 1927, the preacher’s son, former seaman, straw-hat-sporting Channing Cope bought 700 tired acres of property south of Atlanta and dubbed it Yellow River Farm. 6 Disadvantages of kudzu. Ihr ursprüngliches Verbreitungsgebiet liegt in Ostasien: China, Japan, Korea. It takes 10 to 15 years to control a Kudzu patch – even with chemicals. But the exhibit that drew the most oohs and aahs was a garden in the Japanese pavilion where gawkers clamored to get a glimpse of a climbing vine that newspaper reporters claimed grew “a mile a minute”: kudzu. By 1900, its fragrant grape-scented purple flowers and the vine’s ability seemingly to cover a trellis in a night had made it popular on porches throughout the Southeastern US. In others, they were too valuable to lose, so I have made archives available as PDF files. Effective herbicides (such as napalm and agent orange) often destroy the soil. Kudzu is a dangerous predator. The vine proved tricky to harvest—Pleas had to invent a plow strong enough to yank its woody roots from the soil—yet the animals were ravenous for the roughage. Kudzu (Pueraria montana), von Japanisch kuzu (葛) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Hülsenfrüchtler (Fabaceae). lobata (Willd.) The fungal species Myrothecium verrucaria preys on kudzu. Even if you kill a swarm of kudzu insects, they may be able to return later. Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep (ITIS) Common Name: Kudzu. Georgi Zhukov, Soviet general who captured Berlin during World War II. More recently, researchers affiliated with Harvard Medical School found that a kudzu extract helps curb binge drinking and may be useful in treating alcoholism. The amazing wonders on display at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia—the first world’s fair held in the United States—included Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone, a Remington typewriter, Heinz ketchup and Hines root beer. If you cannot view PDF’s, please download the free reader. A bit further north, in Washington, D.C., a U.S. Department of Agriculture scientist named David Fairchild had less success when he tried cultivating kudzu from a batch of seeds imported from Japan. Kudzu also made a hay “of good texture” and was soon deemed a promising Southern crop by Fairchild’s colleagues at the Department of Agriculture. It is school erosion, church erosion, and family erosion. Livestock fed on it in summer and fall; come winter they moved to another pasture while the kudzu worked over the nutrients in the soil and replenished itself for the following grazing season. While a very severe frost will crisp and discolor the leaves and vines, the root system has consistently proved too hardy a match for the cold. Kudzu, or Japanese Arrowroot is a legume that produces hearty vines and a great deal of biomass. The kudzu bugs invading the United States originated from the Kyushu region of Japan ( Jenkins and Eaton 2011, Hosokawa et al. Kudzu is our number one aid in this job. The book became a best-seller in Atlanta and was adopted as a textbook at a handful of Southern agriculture colleges. Contents hide. Even so, the speed with which kudzu scaled new terrain was astounding. Praying Mantis love to eat Kudzu Bugs ( stink bugs). One was W. Crawford Young, a former soil service employee whom filmmaker Marjorie Short found when she made the Oscar-nominated documentary Kudzu in 1976. Kudzu grows better here than in its native countries of China and Japan. Charles and Lillie Pleas were like many homesteaders when they dropped kudzu around their house in Chipley, Fla., in the early 1900s, seeking low-cost relief from the hot summer sun. In Japan, as many as 50 people per year die from hornet attacks. Sorry about the pic quality. Southern artisans used it to make jewelry and baskets. During the dust bowl era of the 1930’s and 1940’s, Kudzu was heavily planted in order to help stop soil erosion. Maculopapular drug eruption due to the Japanese herbal medicine Kakkonto (kudzu or arrowroot decoction). Alexander Haig, American army general and Secretary of State for President Ronald Reagan. One reason is a lack of natural predators. That’s the conclusion of scientists affiliated with The Earth Institute at Columbia University, who last year discovered strong signs that the vine is causing ozone formation in low levels of the atmosphere. Distribution • 1876 introduction • 85 million seedlings planted for erosion control • Estimated to cover over 3 million hectares in eastern U.S. But over time a growing sense of wariness spread across the land as kudzu crept up telephone poles, entombed street signs, mummified abandoned automobiles, and created broad canopies in yards and gardens that blocked sunlight and obliterated other plants. If you really want to laugh at reality, check out some of the kudzu pages below. Close-up of the Kudzu bloom. ), Pueraria lobata (syn. Kudzu, old infestation draped on killed trees in July - Photo by James H. Miller; USDA, Forest Service. The Japanese Hare and other rabbits. Kudzu, a nitrogen-fixing legume, also replenished depleted sources of nitrogen in the soil; it kept the ground cool and trapped so much dirt that eroded ditches could be rehabilitated, researchers found. Killing off an entire swarm of kudzu bugs, they’ll likely come back later. In the American South its a predator. Some call it "the vine that ate the South." However, only time will tell how firmly kudzu has planted itself into the Southern consciousness. But with abundant food, the beetle population soars, doubling in size every month. What is Kudzu you say? Introducing Kudzu was like introducing a match to gasoline, and the results can now be easily seen. “Soil erosion is not merely topsoil being moved off the land. And researchers affiliated with Auburn University in Alabama are continuing the trials with herbicides that Jim Miller launched so long ago. By Megan Friedman Tuesday, Feb. 02, 2010. The murder hornet is poised to follow the trajectory of other invasive species that have devastated North American ecosystems. “It gives promise of being one of the leading sources of wealth in certain sections of the country in the near future,” said another. Here is kudzu holding in an entire hillside practically all by itself, amazing to see in real life. Kudzu is an ongoing natural disaster that defies containment. Originally published in the June 2011 issue of American History. Kudzu or Kuzu (or, in America, The Vine That Ate The South) has been used and valued in China and Japan for centuries as medicine, as food, and as landscape enhancement. Everybody thought they could just knock the leaves out and that would undo the plant,” says Miller. Japanese knotweed has come a long way since Philipp Franz von Siebold, the doctor-in-residence for the Dutch at Nagasaki, brought it to the Utrecht plant fair in the Netherlands in the 1840s. It made sense in that environmental context. It takes 10 to 15 years to control a Kudzu patch – even with chemicals. Indeed, after its auspicious debut at the Centennial Exposition, kudzu soon came to be prized as both a pretty ornamental and a cheap forage crop in the South, where an abundance of sunlight and humidity helped it spread like wildfire. America needed a vegetative magic bullet to seize its soil. “Up telephone poles, / Which rear, half out of leafage / As though they would shriek, / Like things smothered by their own / Green, mindless, unkillable ghosts.”. The program put hundreds of unemployed men to work planting the “gully-mender” on public lands along railroad tracks and highways. Highway officials claimed kudzu could creep across pavement in areas with minimal traffic and cover road signs. It is almost always harmful to the local habitat, whether directly (such as giving off toxic gases) or simply by outcompeting and choking out the local vegetation. “Finding a nursery which offered seeds for sale, I grew a lot of seedlings and scattered them about rather fecklessly, having in mind the plant’s stubborn refusal to grow for me before,” he wrote of his home experiments, which subsequently spun out of control. Harry Reid, politician; the Nevada Democrat served as Senate Majority Leader (2007– ). In 1943, Cope inaugurated the Kudzu Club of America. With no native predators and the innate ability to outcompete other U.S. plants, kudzu grows rampant, making it one difficult pest to eliminate. We would be idiotic to refuse its help.”. Farmers who experimented with kudzu in those early years found that once a few seedlings took root the vine would proliferate even on sandy and loamy soil and spread indiscriminately on unproductive land. In 1962, as the story goes, Cope went out one evening to shoo off a crowd but made it just three feet from his front porch before a heart attack killed him. Government scientists were undeterred, however. Effective herbicides (such as napalm and agent orange) often destroy the soil. It was introduced to the U.S for an ornamental and for erosion control in 1999. Everyone is affected,” he began. Kudzu, a Japanese vine species invasive in the southeast United States, growing in Atlanta, Georgia (Public Domain). The vine is nowhere near being eradicated, but it is no longer threatening to eat the South. 5 Why is kudzu invasive? He tried hand-digging, mowing, burning, grazing livestock—all to no avail. “But unfortunately, they just put big BandAids on the land. Channing Cope, that feisty cultist, let kudzu flourish on his property long after it was declared a weed and famously banned county officials from coming near his land with clippers. The origin of kudzu is Asia, Japan. “We were in a depression and it turned out to be the cheapest and most effective item that would grow fast enough to do the kind of job that was necessary,” Young recalled. The kudzu arbors soon became popular spots for teenagers to congregate come dark. In 1949, Cope published Front Porch Farmer, part memoir, part how-to manual, part contrarian call-to-arms. Kudzu roots are among the largest in the world, ranging in length from three to seven feet and weighing between 200 to over 400 pounds. All else is secondary.” Cope went on to describe people who accosted him on the street and expressed their alarm about the rapid spread of kudzu. How a wonder vine unveiled by Japan at the 1876 Centennial began eating America. 4 Other uses of kudzu. Mother Nature is no help either. Fairchild discovered that kudzu is surprisingly resistant to reproduction through traditional seeding techniques. That leaves herbicides. As an ad in Good Housekeeping put it, “This is the most remarkable hardy climbing vine of the age, and one that should be planted by every one desiring a dense shade. Georges Seurat, French painter, founder and leader of the Pointilism style. “The farmer could actually farm from his front porch if he were equipped with a television outfit or a high-powered telescope and electric connections to his pasture gates,” Cope wrote. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. So amazing that some say its an alien species. P. montana, P. thunbergiana), is one of about 20 species in the genus Pueraria in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It is native to southern Japan and southeast China in eastern Asia. “The seedlings all took root with a vengeance, grew over the bushes and climbed the pines, smothering them with masses of vegetation which bent them to the ground and became an awful, tangled nuisance.”. Word of the venture quickly caught the attention of the U.S. This highly invasive plant is known as the Kudzu plant or “The Vine who ate the south,” originating from Japan. Postal Service. In these cases I have attempted to find the new links and keep them current. The real danger—a “dragon,” as the New York Times put it—was erosion. It flourishes where nothing else will grow, in the best or poorest soil, and owing to its hardy nature, requires little or no care.”. Its members— some 20,000-strong—pledged to grow 8 million acres of the vine throughout the South. Contact Dermatitis 2003;48:348-9. Its even been called “The vegetable form of cancer”. Native To: Asia (Everest et al. Kudzu consuming a building in Alabama in 1990. But it did not become the plant that’s eating America all by itself. “Channing Cope is a prophet.” But objections soon surfaced. Its covers more than 2.8 million square km of the American South. Utility companies said the vine raced up their poles more quickly than their workers could cut it down, causing electrical shorts. And now evidence has emerged that kudzu may even be contributing to climate change. T. Corgaghessan Boyle, novelist and short story writer (Water Music). Kudzu was introduced to the United States from Japan in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, as an ornamental plant. “An important book for the entire South,” proclaimed a reviewer in Cope’s rival newspaper, the Atlanta Journal. Many native natural enemies have been identified as predators of kudzu bugs and P. saccharalis, a specialist egg parasitoid, is being considered as a classical biological control agent of kudzu bugs. The last thing anyone wanted in a forest was kudzu. lobata) by VineWorld Jul 13, 2012 8:00 PM. Kudzu had no natural killers, no insects or pests, to keep it in check. Doubting that the Pleases’ claims of the plant’s rapid growth rate could be true, investigators launched a fraud investigation—and then closed the case upon laying eyes on the vine. And those farmers whom the government had paid to root the plant? The name comes from the Japanese word for this plant, kuzu.The other species of Pueraria occur in southeast Asia, further south. No one realized that an invasive monster had just gained a foothold on American soil. At the dawn of the new millennium, Time magazine labeled the government-sponsored proliferation of kudzu across America as one of the worst ideas of the 20th century. Kudzu (クズ or 葛, Kuzu? In 1962, the agency cautioned landowners to plant the vine away from homes, fences, orchards— anything that could be swallowed. Its an amazing plant. Some beetles escape from a ship and fly to a small island covered with grass but with no trees or beetle predators. 3 Medicinal and food value. Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer and lawyer (Zorba the Greek). All the while, the Department of Agriculture was trying to breed a hardier strain of kudzu that would spread more quickly in cooler climes. It was introduced to the United States in the 1800s. “There is no danger that kudzu will become a pest,” proclaimed one official bulletin. But he refused to give up. In the American South its a predator. Letters from farmers— more than 3,000 in one year alone— filled his mailbox with questions about revitalizing their land with kudzu. By the 1950s, the miracle plant acquired new monikers, including the “cuss-you vine,” “the green scourge” and “the vine that ate the South.”. The Japanese love it, but it grows normal in Japan. To subscribe, click here. It was first imported to the United States from Japan in 1876, brought over for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Dr. Joseph Bell, British physician believed to be the prototype of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's detective Sherlock Holmes. During the Depression, kudzu was enlisted in the fight against soil erosion and planted en masse with taxpayer funds. Every morning, he’d throw back a cup of coffee spiked with bourbon, then broadcast the Yellow River Farm radio program from his front porch. 7 Control methods of kudzu. Japanese kudzu; They’re also often found in huge numbers crawling all over the vine plants, and they can release a scent to repel predators just like stink bugs. In 2009, the Japanese kudzu bug, a natural predator for kudzu, made it to the United States and has been cutting back the grip the plant held for decades. Kudzu. Kudzu. When Kudzu was first brought to America, the insects (native to China and Japan) that eat and damage Kudzu were not brought too. And its root system— which could plunge seven feet into the ground, and weigh 400 or 500 pounds—was no match for mowers. Blooms on Kudzu mid Sept, west KY, USA . In essence, Alien Kudzu is an alien lifeform that infests a planet's environment and begins reproducing itself rapidly. It grows more than 7 feet (more than 2 meters) meters a week. “Kudzu is king.”. 1999) Date of U.S. Introduction: Late 1800s (Everest et al. It grows up to 7 feet a week. Kudzu is a vine that is noted for its incredibly quick growth; at a growth rate of up to a foot (30 cm) per day, the plant has gained a reputation as a highly invasive species. The Nevada Democrat served as Senate majority leader ( 2007– ), further South. find ways take... These are some of the United States the Kyushu region of Japan Jenkins! 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