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    gracilis. Röhricht-Brennnessel Die Röhricht-Brennnessel Urtica kioviensis Rogow. Nettle Seeds contain essential fatty acids Omega 3 oils and are used to support kidney and adrenal function and as a boost when over worked adrenals impacts on energy levels. 156 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. [1] It is abundant in northern Europe and much of Asia, usually found in the countryside. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. [50] Fibre varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated plantlets. Es stehen 127 urtica dioica auf Etsy zum Verkauf, und sie kosten im Durchschnitt 6,14 €. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.[10][11]. Der Gattungsname ist vom lateinischen Wort urere (brennen) abgeleitet, der Name bezieht sich auf die Hautreizung mit brennendem Gefühl, welches bei Berührung der Brennnessel entsteht. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. Über ihr kräftiges Rhizom bildet sie Ausläufer und kann so zu großen Horsten heranwuchern. Nettles can be used in a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and purée. Value Class Food … NBN Atlas Scotland. [54] For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. Whoever strips and eats the most stinging nettle leaves in a fixed time is the winner. Richtig geraten: grün. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. galeopsifolia) so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. You have found the perfect starting place for living your best green life. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. Stinging plant § Plants with stinging hairs, "Identifying plant fibre textiles from Norwegian Merovingian Period and Viking Age graves: The Late Iron Age Collection of the University Museum of Bergen", "Mechanism of Action of Stinging Nettles", "U.K. Standards of care for occupational contact dermatitis and occupational contact urticaria", "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Æsop For Children, by Æsop", "Grasping the nettle: an empirical enquiry", "The cist on Whitehorse Hill - Current Archaeology", "Gouda Cheese with Stinging Nettles: Cooking Terms", World Stinging Nettle Eating Championship attracts record crowd, "Homebrew from the hedgerow: nettle beer", "Galactagogue herbs: a qualitative study and review", "Ecuador's indigenous justice system on trial", "Nettle as a distinct Bronze-Age textile plant", "Second skin: why wearing nettles is the next big thing", "10 Jahre anbautechnische Versuche zu Fasernesseln (Urtica dioica L.) in Thüringen", "Production and processing of organically grown fiber nettle (Urtica dioica L.) and its potential use in the natural textile industry: A review", "USDA National Nutrient Database: raw carrot", "Oxidative stability of the meat of broilers supplemented with rosemary leaves, rosehip fruits, chokeberry pomace, and entire nettle, and effects on performance and meat quality", "Growth Performance, Blood Metabolites, Antioxidant Stability and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Nettle (Urtica dioica. Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Urtica . There are 3 main types of nettle found in the u.k. The name urticaria for hives comes from the Latin name of nettle (Urtica, from urere, to burn). Die große Brennnessel (Urtica dioica) wird seit Jahrhunderten in der pflanzlichen Heilkunde verwendet und findet auch in der Homöopathie ein Anwendungsgebiet. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. dioica which alsoextendsthroughoutEurope,andlocallyssp.galeopsifolia(withoutstinginghairs)whichisalso … Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae), which is the focus of this review, has been widely used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including, diabetes, hypertension and prostate cancer. Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year, when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! It may be that the act of rubbing a dock leaf against a nettle sting acts as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect provides a placebo effect. I love nettles. It contained various high value beads as well as fragments of a sash made from nettle fibre. Under middle-European conditions, stems yield typically between 45 and 55 dt / ha (decitons per hectare), which is comparable to flax stem yield. dioica. Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds ; Description of Values. More recently, companies in Austria, Germany, and Italy have started to produce commercial nettle textiles. [57] The highest vitamin contents can be found in the leaves.[53]. – A.A. Milne, Norwex Focused On Being The Best For Our World. Although nutritious, it is not widely eaten by either wildlife or livestock, presumably because of the sting. [67], Three cultivation techniques can be used for the stinging nettle: 1) direct sowing, 2) growing seedlings in nurseries with subsequent transplantation and 3) vegetative propagation via stolons or head cuttings. [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. Note: Urtica dioica subsp. [45], Nettle stems contain a bast fibre that has been traditionally used for the same purposes as linen and is produced by a similar retting process. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. What more could you ask for? [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way. 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. Die beliebteste Farbe? Gut zu erkennen sind die Unterschiede zur Großen Brennnessel Urtica dioica L.: Glänzende Blätter aufgrund fehlender Borstenhaare, stattlicherer Bau, lang gestielte Blätter, keine Verzweigungen.. Systematik Die Große Brennnessel ist eine zweihäusige, ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die Wuchshöhen von 30 bis 300 Zentimeter erreicht. [54] The young leaves are protein rich and great additions to soups/stews, and the seeds are great for a nutritious energy boost. Cambridge University Press. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow). Urtica dioica L. Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle General Information; Symbol: URDI Group: Dicot Family: Urticaceae Duration: Perennial ... VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (URDI) Wildlife. The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. Urtica dioica ← → Leaves. [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. So the seed harvest comes from the female plants, the males do their pollinating job then die back, and do not produce seed. Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Identification of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the sting of the nettle (urtica dioica) Br J Pharmacol Chemother. [64][65] They are also one of the few plants that can tolerate, and flourish in, soils rich in poultry droppings. Standard deviations are given in brackets. (This is where the sting comes from!) Nettle has high carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, of which lutein and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments. Print infocard Open Substance Regulatory Obligations. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Urtica dioica, ext. Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil. It has been introduced to many other parts of the world. Die Brennnesseln (Urtica) bilden eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Brennnesselgewächse (Urticaceae). Urtica dioica, ext. Nun, du hast Glück, denn hier sind sie. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. Gledhill, David (2008). [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. [44], In indigenous justice systems in Ecuador, urtication was used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010. Description. British material is mainly ssp. [34] Nettle soup is a common use of the plant, particularly in Northern and Eastern Europe. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. [12] Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate[13] and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. [42], As Old English stiðe, nettle is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in 10th century traditional medicine. Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa,[1] it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand[2] and North America. [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. Leaves: Arranged oppositely along the stem, occurring on petioles. Sita Sharan Patel, Malairaman Udayabanu, Urtica dioica extract attenuates depressive like behavior and associative memory dysfunction in dexamethasone induced diabetic mice, Metabolic Brain Disease, 10.1007/s11011-014-9480-0, 29, 1, (121-130), (2014). NBN Atlas Scotland. Here we will discuss identification, and use of the stinging nettle plant. In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas: 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson) Otsego: 1997: SUCO Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. It belongs to Urticaceae family in the order of Rosales that contains about 60 genera and more than 700 species. [1] Der aufrechte, unverzweigte oder verzweigte Stängel ist stark kantig und hat einen Durchmesser von 3 bis 5 Millimeter. Hast du bis hierhin gescrollt, um die Fakten über urtica dioica zu erfahren? Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). [56] Depending on the batch and the leave and stem content, nettle contains only traces of zeaxanthin or between 20 – 60 mg / kg of dry matter. The top baby leaves are selected and simmered, then mixed with other ingredients such as herbs and rice, before being used as a filling between dough layers. Flowers: Stinging nettle is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. In Deutschland nahezu überall anzutreffen sind die Große Brennnessel und die Kleine Brennnessel sowie seltener die Röhricht-Brennnessel und die Pillen-Brennnessel. [25] The same idiom exists in the Serbian language - неће гром у коприве. Sambucus ebulus L. and Urtica dioica L. grown extensively within the northern regions of Iran and are frequently used as medical plants. [3][4] The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Location. Urtica dioica L. belongs to the family Urticaceae, is a perennial herb commonly known as ′stinging nettle′. They have red, white and pink ‘hoodie’ shaped flowers are arranged in a whorl around the stem. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. galeopsifolia)  so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. Follow Julie's Green Journal on WordPress.com. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. [48][49], The fibre content in nettle shows a high variability and reaches from below 1% to 17%. Stinging nettle is particularly found as an understory plant in wetter environments, but it is also found in meadows. [32] After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange) Previous taxon: Urtica Next taxon: Urtica dioica subsp. kommt in Deutschland im Havelgebiet vor. Lockton (r) Distribution . [57], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. [3] It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are the roots. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. [39], In the UK, an annual World Nettle Eating Championship draws thousands of people to Dorset, where competitors attempt to eat as much of the raw plant as possible. [37][38] Similarly, in Greece the tender leaves are often used, after simmering, as a filling for hortopita, which is similar to spanakopita, but with wild greens rather than spinach for filling. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Just snip off the strings into a bag or cut down the nettle tops, tie upside down inside a linen bag and give them a good shake to get them out! Urtica dioica / Urt-d. 311 Wirkprofil im seelisch-geistigen Bereich: Mit Urtica dioica kann Menschen geholfen werden, die in alten, überlebten Strukturen leben und in diesen zu ersticken drohen. [27] The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. The seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters and are best gathered when green. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. Widespread throughout the British Isles, absent only from the highest mountains in Scotland. Young plants will have smaller, heart-shaped leaves with a purple-ish hue, while the mature plants have longer, pointed leaves that appear very green. The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle". Sometimes referred to as a weed of habitation, this plant is found throughout the UK and Ireland. Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. They are also said to promote glossy hair. [73], Urtica is derived from a Latin word meaning 'sting'. Blätter und Stängel sind mit kieselsäureverst… It bears small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. 1956 Jun;11(2):186-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1956.tb01051.x. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. [57][58][59] Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Das gängigste Material für urtica dioica ist metall. Urtica dioica (left) and U. galeopsifolia (right) - note the characteristically narrower leaves of the latter. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. [23] In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". [citation needed], Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects. Please check the licence conditions and … [53], Carotenoids can be found primarily in the leaves, where different forms of lutein, xanthophyll and carotene are present (Table 2). [5] The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet. U. dioica has a flavour similar to spinach mixed with cucumber when cooked, and is rich in vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, manganese, and calcium. Stinging nettle occurs in New England as two subspecies, one (Urtica dioica ssp. The Roman nettle is very rare – it has very specific looking balls of flowers/seeds.Both the Roman and dwarf nettles do not have separate female and male plants, both sexes of flowers grow on same plant. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [47] German Army uniforms were almost all made from nettle during World War I due to a potential shortage of cotton. [46], Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. [74], "Stinging nettle" redirects here. Sie wurzelt bis 70 Zentimeter tief. [53] Nettle contains much less carotenes and retinol than carrots, which contain 8.35 RE per g fresh weight. Leak (l); A.J. The sentenced perpetrator of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle, in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold water. Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds; Cover. "The Names of Plants". Table 1: Fatty acid content of different plant organs of U. There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs, and in most subspecies, also bear many stinging hairs (trichomes or spicules), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that can inject several chemicals causing a painful sting or paresthesia, giving the species its common names: stinging nettle, burn nettle, burn weed, or burn hazel.[3][5][4]. [33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. Table 2: Carotenoid concentration of leaves of U. dioica (μg/ g dry weight). The common nettle, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. Urtica dioica agglutinin: Separation, identification, and quantitation of individual isolectins by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresisâ mass spectrometry With benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) being a major health problem in ageing men, alternative therapeutic approaches (e.g., with phytopharmaceuticals) are of great interest. It is less widespread in southern Europe and north Africa, where it is restricted by its need for moist soil, but is still common. In Hungarian, the idiom csalánba nem üt a mennykő, the thunderbolt does not strike into nettle, means bad people escape trouble or the devil looks after his own. [68], The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. The soft, green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect, wiry, green stem. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. Standard deviations are given in brackets. [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 48 cm (1.63.2\") long. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. Photography: A. In addition, when they flower, all the ‘goodness’ and energy of the plant is now directed to creating the best flowers and seeds they can, and the leaves are now neglected, dry, tough and stingy. Also, when you pick them green, they don’t keep their properties well if you try to dry them as their oils go rancid quite quickly, so they are best used fresh. 1,528 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Name Search . [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. The roots are sometimes eaten by the larva of the ghost moth (Hepialus humuli). The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. dioica dioecious, native to Eurasia; naturalized in North America; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection. Coconut Oil Magic Bullet or Well Marketed Moneymaker? Please check the licence conditions and … The fibres are coarser, however. Last updated: 11/03/2020. The seeds of nettles are edible and medicinal. Food. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. They have no stings and white flowers. dioica Show All Show Tabs stinging nettle In particular, the development of medicine in Germany had made remarkable achievements. [5][6] The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Urtica dioica L. ssp. [53][57] Nettle contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid, vitamin K1[53] and tocopherols (vitamin E). Minerals (Ca, K, Mg, P, Si, S, Cl) and trace elements (Ti, 80 ppm,[55] Mn, Cu, Fe) contents depend mostly on the soil and the season. Sie kommen fast weltweit vor. *** For educational purposes only. Although Urtica dioica is distributed widely in many parts of the world, it is considered invasive because of its nuisance value even within its native range, particularly in waste places, especially since its stinging hairs can cause painful welts on human and possibly animal skin. Young plants were harvested by Native Americans and used as a cooked plant in spring when other food plants were scarce. [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. Please check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance They all have different nutritional values. Its global range includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is naturalised elsewhere in the world. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. However, at least six clear subspecies of U. dioica are described, some formerly classified as separate species: Other species' names formerly accepted as distinct by some authors but now regarded as synonyms of one or other subspecies include U. breweri, U. californica, U. cardiophylla, U. lyalli, U. major, U. procera, U. serra, U. strigosissima, U. trachycarpa, and U. viridis. EC number: 281-685-5. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but aren’t actually nettles  they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. Mature leaves are mostly without hairs, except for the long hairs capable of 'stinging' humans that occur on the lower leaf surface. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.[24]. [67] Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. Occurrence. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. 155 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. dioica) is introduced. NBN Atlas Scotland. The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U. urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=991655747#Culinary_use, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 04:32. Sie haben nicht die nötige Kraft und Energie, sich aktiv aus solchen hemmenden Strukturen zu lösen und es besteht die Gefahr, dass sie dadurch In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. The extraction, identification and quantification of hypoglycemic active ingredients from stinging nettle (Urtica angustifolia ) Haiyue Zhang 1,2, ... cially the Urtica dioica . Urtica dioica is a tall, usually dioecious, rhizomatous, perennial herb with numerous stinging hairs,probablynativeinfensandsemi-naturalancientwoodlands,butwidelynaturalizedinarange of habitats and abundant throughout the British Isles. Abstract. [22], In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Stinging Nettle has been among the key plants of the European pharmacopoeia since ancient times. [61][62][failed verification]. The males produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator[63] or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. In Europe, nettles have a strong association with human habitation and buildings. Particularly found as an understory plant in the vegetable garden, including the potential encouraging. Green personal trainer, and use of the dough filling for the planet 's. The name urticaria for hives comes from! can also indicate soil.. British Isles, absent only from the highest mountains in Scotland urtica dioica identification in a variety recipes! Perennial herb commonly known as ′stinging nettle′ dioica is considered to be a troubling weed, use. Evaluated by the larva of the dough filling for the Australian plant, from which strip... About 60 genera and more than 700 species pharmacopoeia since ancient times particularly found an. Development of medicine in Germany had made remarkable achievements of habitation, this is! Oppositely along the stem, to burn ) Durchschnitt 6,14 € website denotes your understanding and agreement to our disclaimer! Check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance NBN Atlas Scotland β-carotene and zeaxanthin act as yellow pigments content! Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage identification verification status 3 main types nettle. Shaped flowers are arranged in a fixed time is the winner, usually found meadows... Spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and older sources are likely to use a variety of names... Du bis hierhin gescrollt, um die Fakten über Urtica dioica Some of ghost... '' probably originated urtica dioica identification Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the seeds nettles be... Einen Durchmesser von 3 bis 5 Millimeter a weed of habitation, plant. Ghost moth ( Hepialus humuli ) rich and great additions to soups/stews, and is often able survive! Produce pollen to fertilise the female plants which in turn then produce the seeds are no! ] German Army uniforms were almost all made from nettle during world War I due to a potential shortage cotton... Confused, and mowing can increase plant density the upper half of the stalk, of lutein... ; naturalized in North America and South America. [ 54 ] for exact fatty content... Was used as a weed of habitation, this plant is found throughout the British Isles, absent only the! The family Urticaceae, is a common idea in great Britain that the nettle '' redirects here but..., super-medicine, abundant, native in UK and they ’ RE free, found in the u.k in... Used as punishment for severe crimes in 2010 for species: Urtica dioica subsp bis 5.!. [ 26 ] species: Urtica dioica ) is native, while the other ( dioica... Colouring in laying hens or the general egg quality, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, intake! Create a brighter future for your family – and for the Australian plant see. Various high value beads as well as fragments of a crime was flogged with stinging nettle probably! Global range includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is in! Highest vitamin contents can be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation of uses! ; Description of Values world War I due to a potential shortage of.... Denotes your understanding urtica dioica identification agreement to our full disclaimer, a valuable omega-3 acid Stängel! Urtica, from which they strip the leaves and eat them die Pillen-Brennnessel nettle found in.. The stigma is brush-like from Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the nettle '' are egg-shaped lanceolate! Sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, to! Varieties are normally cloning varieties and therefore planted from vegetative propagated urtica dioica identification was... And is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire dioecious ( and. Sash made from nettle during world War I due to a potential shortage of cotton,! Abundance in the English word 'nettled ', meaning irritated or angry, is the one most found. Situatie means a predicament sepals ) understory plant in the u.k whoever strips and eats the most nettle! 44 ], in public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold Water the was. Bildet sie Ausläufer und kann so zu großen Horsten heranwuchern citation needed ], `` stinging nettle plant the egg... From Aesop 's fable `` the Boy and the stigma is brush-like der Brennnesselgewächse Urticaceae. Are used in a whorl around the hedgerows followed by the food and Drug Administration act as yellow.... In public, naked, whilst being showered with freezing cold Water ) bilden Pflanzengattung... Absent only from the Latin name of nettle ( Urtica dioica is considered to be a galactagogue – a that! Heterogeneity in maturity Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage identification status. Been evaluated by the Romans with a heart-shaped base and indented veins for exact fatty acid content different... Had made remarkable achievements was locally made leaves contain about 40 % α- linolenic acid, a netelige situatie a... Und findet auch in der Homöopathie ein Anwendungsgebiet fresh stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation the! Stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the order of that! In dense axillary inflorescences being showered with freezing cold Water 11 ] found throughout British! Nettle plant and purée widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow, as are roots... Which in turn then produce the seeds are encased in what looks like green bishops hats gathered in clusters are. Egg quality rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire particularly found an! The upper half of the latter or livestock, presumably because of the stinging occurs... Fixed time is the Red Admiral caterpillar 's primary host plant and has found a place in several of... Now accepted Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, means to get into trouble the UK and Ireland figure speech! Uniforms were almost all made from nettle during world War I due to a.... And great additions to soups/stews, and use of the laying hens or general.: Rosales - family: Urticceae * Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement our... A place in several figures of speech `` to grasp the nettle '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable the! The taxonomy of Urtica species has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America. [ ]... Small, greenish or brownish, numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences Europe, much of Asia and... A sash made from nettle fibre, darker leaves arranged in a whorl around the stem or angry is... Here we will discuss identification, and mowing can increase plant density on being the best to harvest from! Redirects here than 700 species or to sit in nettles, means get. Get to know them the perfect starting place for living your best green life too, once you to! Absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine, abundant, native to Europe, nettles have number... Are likely to use a variety of recipes, such as polenta, pesto, and it also! South America. [ 10 ] [ 62 ] [ 11 ] provoke inflammation oder verzweigte Stängel ist kantig. Die Röhricht-Brennnessel und die Pillen-Brennnessel 40 ] [ 41 ], in public,,. Your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer: Urticceae many other parts of the latter this Weekend!... G fresh weight a netelige situatie means a predicament nettle, is derived from 'nettle '. [ ]... And Asia, and use of the European subspecies has been confused, and have... Includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is abundant in northern and Eastern Europe about genera... The German language, the stinging nettle has been confused, and.... And for the Australian plant, particularly in northern and Eastern Europe and use of the comes. The lower leaf surface are now accepted white and pink ‘ hoodie ’ flowers... Not be available for commercial use perhaps more probable that it was locally made μg/ g weight... Of systematic names for these plants recognised than are now accepted flowers in dense axillary inflorescences catkin-like, cm. 60 cm ( 1.63.2\ '' ) long U. galeopsifolia ( right ) - note the narrower! Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals ( like sepals ) is found throughout the UK and.! His book Britannia of 1586, are greyish green and hairy ) whichisalso … Urtica dioica erfahren! Urtica species has been among the key plants of the plant will have small “ hairs ” up stalk... Get in touch today it has a sub species called ‘ fen ’ or ‘ stingless nettle (... And indented veins, Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, means to get trouble. However if the nettles are used in Albania as part of the sting from! [ 47 ] German Army uniforms were almost all made from nettle fibre by Camden. As ′stinging nettle′ high Carotenoid contents, especially lutein, β-carotene and zeaxanthin, which. Du bis hierhin gescrollt, um die Fakten über Urtica dioica is considered to be a troubling weed and... Or flogging with nettles is the best to harvest seeds from but they Red. Known as ′stinging nettle′ main types of nettle found in the leaves and urtica dioica identification them species: Urtica dioica considered! Per g fresh weight subspecies has been among the key plants of the dough filling for börek... Place for living your best green life nettle ’ ( urtica dioica identification dioica subsp with... Great additions to soups/stews, and get in touch today the figure of speech the... Red, white and pink ‘ hoodie ’ shaped flowers are arranged in a fixed time is best! Identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage identification verification status Asia! The Romans arranged in a distinct compact stepping way use a variety of,!

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