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    She started out at Iiwords as an avid reader and wanting to learn more about Islam and has since gone on to being a full time writer for the page. They praised the simplicity of Islamic faith against the complexities of Christian theology and rituals and admired the advanced state of Islamic civilization. Far from being a hypothetical tabula rasa, reason reflects the fundamental traits of existence of which it is a part. But this can happen only when we see human reason working in a larger context of thinking and contemplation. What they’re meaning to say is: God takes care of everything in a believer’s life. II, p. 89. Jean Jolivet in L’Intellect selon Kindi (Leiden, Holland: E. J. Brill, 1971). Everything. 3. There is no aspect or quality added to the Divine and another being added to [the intellect]. Then what is [wrong] with you -how do you judge? Reason is able to discover these intrinsic modes of intelligibility because they are the intelligible principles built into the nature of reality. Charges of ‘irrationality’ and dogmatism have been launched against Islam in part because the concept of rationality as developed in the Islamic intellectual tradition contravenes the main thrust of modern and postmodern notions of rationality that have arisen in the West since the 17th and 18th centuries. in its numerous confrontations with the Meccan pagans, the Qur’an challenges them to think for themselves and see if their misguided thinking about God makes any sense. 1. Traditional societies have accorded reason an important place in theology, law, politics, ethics, art and other areas of human life. The second view, represented by the waves of postmodernism and constructivism since the 1960s, deconstructed reason to the point of turning it into a by-product of social-historical processes. Everything Happens A Podcast with Kate Bowler. Certainly, conjecture can be of no avail against the truth. We may follow a procedure and arrive at certain conclusions. are all somehow related to the Islamic tradition which did not allow free thinking and oppressed free inquiry, dissent and pluralism. Existence is intrinsically intelligible because God creates optimally and what He creates has meaning, purpose and intelligibility built into it [30]. 3, Kashshaf, III, p. 307. Isn’t complaining about the weather, which is by Allah (swt)’s decree, in fact a complaint to the Most High? The Qur’an insists on the convergence of the two axes of causality: horizontal, which regulates the world of physical causes, and vertical, which introduces the ‘Divine command’ (amr) into the natural realm. In life's toughest moments, how do you go on living? Despite tortured apologetics, the simplest and most obvious explanation is that Muhammad was mistaken. Various references from the Quran and Hadith highlighted above proves that requital in this world is … The Qur’an uses the phrase ulu-‘l-albab, “those who have deep understanding of things” to distinguish them from those who are merely interested in being smart. Praise God. Not surprisingly, charges of unreason and violence have survived to the modern period. It is only by combining intelligibility, meaning and will that we fulfill our humanity as ‘rational animals’. In the Qur’an, this point is registered in the relationship between using reason and having a moral and spiritual awareness of God. But this can happen only when we see human reason working in a larger context of thinking and contemplation. The key point is that correct thinking and moral behavior complement each other and thus reject any dichotomy between reason, rationality, belief and morality. She delights in her family, in being a keeper at home, all for the glory of Allah, and enjoys writing as an outlet for her creative energy and spreading the word of Islam in a creative way. In contrast to the notion of rationality as computerization, however, our most unique human quality called reason, the very quality that distinguishes us from the rest of creation and clearly privileges us over them (al-Isra’ 17:70), functions essentially and primarily in a qualitative and axiological context. Innovate Let Go Of The Myth That Everything Happens For A Reason: Try This Instead Failure and loss are inevitable, but trying to rationalize them can be the last thing you need to do. Everything Happens for a Reason Quotes to inspire you. The reason that emerged within the islamic Weltanschauung proposed a different mode of thinking about existence, the universe, the human state and God. About the Author. The word taqwa, usually translated as consciousness and fear of God, literally means to protect and guard oneself against danger. Those who recognize the truth when they see it do in fact use their reason in the most proper way. Conclusion: Is Return to Reason Still Possible? Committing himself to a similar task but working with different premises, Kant, too, sought to lay out the limits of reason in his Critique of Pure Reason: “Human reason has this peculiar fate that in one species of its knowledge it is burdened by questions which, as prescribed by the very nature of reason itself, it is not able to ignore, but which, as transcending all its powers, it is not able to answer” [13]. See his Hujjat al-Allah al-balighah (Cairo: Dar al-Turath, nd. It takes place in a context of encounter with reality and puts us in a relationship with something larger than us. You can’t see the forest for the trees in situations like yours. The famous controversy among Muslim theologians over whether we know things to be true and good because they are intrinsically so or because God has created them in that way is irrelevant here. This is part of fitrah, the fundamental human nature, which is our window to the world of existence and thus must be protected in order to ‘see’ right [18]. Rather, it is a whole-some undertaking that requires setting upon an intellectual, moral and spiritual journey. Likewise, opposing injustice is reasonable because injustice (zulm) means “putting things out of their place”, i.e., destroying the order which gives meaning to things. Reason by nature and function operates with terms and tools both within and outside itself. Following a rule can certainly counts as rational act and comes handy in our daily lives, scientific explorations, economic decisions, political lives, etc. Nobody should be deceived by the fact that everything is linked to given causes and natural laws. Ever since the European Enlightenment adapted its ‘baptism of reason’ against the alleged irrationality of the Middle Ages, reason has declared its independence and developed a view of itself as the ultimate arche and ens realissimum of reality. When this happens, which is not rare given the enormous power of desires on reason, his heart becomes “sealed” and loses his conscience. Thus “the intelligent person is the one who has consciousness (taqwa) of his Lord and who reckons with his soul” [38]. {46} (al-Isra’ 17:44–46). Tafakkur, “thinking”, qalb, “heart”, fu’ad, “inner heart”, and lubb, literally “seed” meaning “essential heart”, are among these terms and each corresponds to a different aspect of the act of perceiving, thinking and reflecting. Everything happens for a reason. 21. [Quran, 8:11]. in perceiving things, our sense organs and reason work together. We woke up to a mountain covered in a thick blanket of grey cloud and with an unforgiving, blustery wind banging on the windows. Such a claim would turn faith into an empirical statement or logical proposition. As the ultimate source of all existence and intelligibility, God bestows these qualities on His creation and saturates the order of creation with meaning and purpose. {190} Who remember God while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], “Our Lord, You did not create this in vain; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire. Such an admission is not illogical because it states not ignorance, agnosticism or blind faith but a self-reflective acknowledgment of limits. Man’s immaturity has created much of the oppression and ignorance that has shaped human history. No votes so far! [13] Kant, The Critique of Pure Reason, trans. In an age in which rationality is measured by quantifiable properties and computerized decisions, the ontological foundations of reason have radically changed, and highly idealized and eventually inhuman forms of rationality have been identified as the basis of human intelligence. The Qur’an thus insists on the total soundness and integrity of our sensate, psychological and mental faculties in order for us to know, and advices us to “travel on earth”. There is no contradiction between the two but they follow different rules. The sharp distinctions between sensate qualities, which correspond to the physical-material world, and intellectual notions, which correspond to the world of the mind, are reflections of the Cartesian bifurcation between res extensa and res cogitans and hardly give us an accurate description of the actual act of perceiving and understanding. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Raghib al-Isfahani divides reason into two: ‘aql matbu’, “innate reason”, and ‘aql masmu’, “acquired reason”. The substantive view of rationality follows from the intrinsic intelligibility of existence as God’s creation. In contemplating a landscape, we move between parts and whole and each time discover a new relationship. Being rational means rejecting oppression and injustice and embracing the Divine call for justice. Gene Holmes found the answer to a search query i believe that everything happens for a reason essay Rationalism, coupled with naturalism and positivism, sought to reduce reality to the analytical competencies of the human mind and identified quantitative-calculative thinking as the only reliable way of knowing the reality of things. When the hypocrites come to you, [O Muhammad], they say, “We testify that you are the Messenger of God.” And God knows that you are His Messenger, and God testifies that the hypocrites are liars. As a book of revelation and guidance, the Qur’an treats human reason and thinking in this larger context of the created order of existence. In Islamic law and theology, a person must be ‘sane’ or ‘intelligent’ (‘aqil) in order to be responsible for his/her actions because there is no religious responsibility (taklif) without having sanity or reason (‘aql). 7. Raghib al-Isfahani, quoted by Amuli, states in strikingly unambiguous terms that “reason can never find the right path without religion and religion can never have clarity without reason” [16]. Each realm of existence requires a different type of thinking. We may have two ears but may fail to hear because we may deliberately chose not to hear certain things. [40] Ibn Hazm, al-Ahklaq wa’l-siyar fi mudawat al-nufus, ed. Qur’an With Meanings and Grammatical Analysis. Reason nourished by faith gains a deeper insight into the reality of things because it can set its own limits and finds its proper place in the “circle of existence” (da’irat al-wujud). It also means that since it is intelligible, it can be communicated to others through language and rational arguments. Votes 172. Thus the values by which we are to live must be derived from the facts of nature which we must investigate through rational inquiry and logical analysis. Tahir Ahmad Makki (Jeddah: Dar al-Manarah, 2007), p. 124. Reason has no problem with accepting ‘consciousness of God’ (taqwa) as a moral and spiritual principle because it guides our moral choices. Everything from good and bad that happens to us is determined by Allah Almighty: The sections of this article are: 1- Everything from good and bad that happens to us is determined by Allah Almighty. Therefore, O Muslim, always be optimistic and respond with Alhamdulillah! It begins with the premise that the world has a beginning and end and that “all shall perish except His [God’s] Face” (al-Qasas 28:88). Sometimes things happen to you may seem horrible, painful, and unfair, but never give up or lose hope. It encounters and witnesses the visible world through its inborn qualities. 633. To all the beautiful people the universe loves you. In this sense, the conceptual meanings of ‘aql and taqwa converge: they both refer to our conscious effort to protect ourselves against the inhuman and immoral consequences of evildoing, injustice and oppression. Every person we meet have a roll in our life, either it is big or small. Muslim thinkers see no contradiction between reason and heart, rational thinking and contemplation, logic and transcendence. Faith articulated by reason and communicated through language can bring about certainty (al-yaqin), which the Qur’an deems essential for our mental and spiritual integrity (al-An’am 6:75; al-Takathur 102:5–7). How much more mistaken can we be? Ibn Sina discusses ‘aql and its types and functions in his various works including the Shifa’ and Najat but also al-Mabda’ wa-‘l-ma’ad. Sometimes I Feel 06. But can you guide the blind although they will not [attempt to] see? In some respects, this is comparable to the vain effort to explain colors to the blind. Reason as tying together, connecting and protecting will re-emerge only when we remember that reason is not about the human person or his interests or even his reasoning but rather about existence and beings, their meaning, relations and connections, and about the ways in which we respond to the call of reality. Those are like livestock; rather, they are more astray. {60} And who other than Him made the earth a firm abode [ for you], and set rivers traversing through it, and put firm mountains therein and sealed off one sea from the other? It draws boundaries for religious belief and denies any role or authority to religion outside them. As a matter of fact, the Thomistic tradition maintained a relationship of complementarity between ratio and intellectus and held that they were not opposed to one another but addressed to different aspects of the same reality [10]. But in an axiological sense, it means choosing truth over falsehood and good over evil. The reason is that we have to combine reason and will, the two distinguishing features of being human, in order to act on what we believe. [23] Compare this with what Zarathustra says to the people who show no interest in what he has to say: “Must one first shatter their ears to teach them to hear with their eyes?”, F. Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, tr. {36} (al-Qiyama 75:36). The beginning (al-mabda’) and the end or “return” to God (al-ma’ad) lays out a scope and horizon for our rational deliberations and moral choices. These categories belong to the ‘second-order’ reflection upon reality whereby we make distinctions between subject and object, the knower and the known, the perceiver and the perceived, mental and material, etc. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. And since, God takes care of everything then nothing happens by chance. “but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. See Ibn Kathir, Tafsir, p. 932. Like all other human traits and enterprises, reason is a historically constructed notion whose meaning and function varies from one social setting to another. But he notes that “Islam never had to go through a prolonged period of critically examining the validity of its spiritual vision, as the West did during the eighteenth century” [4]. It should be briefly pointed out, however, that ratio and intellectus came to designate two separate ways of looking at reality in the late Middle Ages and ever since then the two terms have taken different paths. The same intuitive thinking is at work in our moral choices. 149–193. 217–221. More importantly, it leads to a mode of thinking that combines empirical observation, rational analysis, moral judgment and spiritual refinement. Or darkness equal to light? It guides our thinking and acting in the world and saturates our lives with meaning. {44} And when you recite the Quran, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil. Empirical knowledge by itself cannot reveal the truth of things. It is in this context that the Arabic linguists have identified ‘aql and qalb as being synonymous [21]. Via ↓15 – Victory Against Every Evil. Traditional societies have seen reason as part of a larger reality and placed them within the wider context of existence and meaning. It involves rational analysis but also moral commitment. Today, radically anti-Islamic and Islamophobic voices cite similar arguments to depict Islam and Muslims as irrational and violent. 136-7. A reductionist and rationalist approach, which dwarfs our cognitive capacities and atrophies our imaginative powers, prevents us from understanding the non-discursive language of the universe. The human response to the Divine call of protecting His trust is to become His “vicegerent” (khalifah) on earth and thus submit to God, which is the literal meaning of Islam. Thus the Qur’an says: Those who believe and whose hearts find repose in the remembrance of God, verily, in the remembrance of do hearts find rest. Our Masjid recently hosted a prestigious Qari. Long before the Greek philosophical texts were translated into Arabic, Muslims had an encounter with the concept of reason/intellect as outlined in the Qur’an and the Hadith. The commentary also shows the attitudes that a Muslim needs to adopt in times of hardship and difficulties. But the conceptual framework within which the world of creation is presented points to an order of existence in which God’s creative act is disclosed. Martin Heidegger, What is Called Thinking?, tr. 183–201. Explainable or unexplainable. Figure 1: Dr. Ibrahim Kalin (the third from the right) during the World Muslim-Catholic Forum held in the Vatican in March 2008. In contrast to the supposedly fideistic claims of Christianity, the enlightenment philosophes sought to justify everything on the basis of what Descartes called “clear and distinct ideas”. Or, they fail to use their reason, succumb to their desires and thus “reject” (takdhib) their truth. {15} Say: “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say: “(It is) God.” Say: “Have you then taken (for worship) protectors other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves?” Say: “Is the blind equal to the one who sees? [5] Ayn Rand, The Virtue of Selfishness (New American Library 1964), p. 25. The Qur’an treats reason and rationality in such a wider context of thinking. The ontological disconnect that separates the visually blind from the experience of colors makes the discourse about colors impossible. “Success is not a miracle. So Be Patient Verily The Promise Of Allah Is True Quran 30. Reason, when properly cultivated, leads to moral action; moral behavior, in turn, nurtures reason. We may have a sharp mind but may not arrive at the right conclusion in, say, a legal dispute because our desire to win the case may take over our judgment. Nor is it a matter of luck. In order to function properly, reason has to accept its place within an order of things that is larger than the knowing subject. 1. By the same token, faith articulated and corroborated by reason has depth and certainty. So is hypocrisy: “Do you order other people to be righteous and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Moral choices make sense not because simply they are our free choices but because they let us participate in the intelligible order of existence and thus enable us to go beyond ourselves and reach out to a larger reality. by Ibrahim Kalin Published on: 14th September 2012. Discover the golden age of Muslim civilisation. The Vocabulary of Thinking in the Qur’an. Abstract concepts are essential for rational thinking and the formation of ideas. Masmu’ literally means that which is heard, referring to things learnt by hearing from others. Truth, when properly accessed, is the ‘disclosure’ of this intrinsic order and intelligibility, which God as the Creator has bestowed upon existence. In sharp contrast to the period of the Jahiliyyah, “ignorance”, Islam represented the era of faith, knowledge, reason, justice and freedom all at once. 30 million people in 50 different countries bought a copy of 2006’s The Secret and in so doing, expressed a hope — maybe even a need? As I shall discuss shortly, if the world has been created by God, then it cannot be reduced to utility. While people like Roger Bacon claimed that the Muslim philosophers Al-Farabi and Ibn Sina had produced their philosophical edifice despite Islam, not because of it, and pretended to be Muslims outwardly to avoid the persecution of an intolerant religion, the anti-Catholic thinkers of the Middle Aes believed that Islam tolerated rational thinking and scientific inquiry more than others [2]. The Quran confuses Mary the mother of Jesus with Mary the sister of Aaron (and Moses) in verses 19:27 and 66:12. Submit Rating . Reason is a God-given gift with which we access the reality of things. Logic and transcendence thus work together to reveal the nature of things and realize our humanity. Via ↓14 – Deviation From The Right Path. The created order displays various modalities of existence, which discloses and particularizes itself into specific forms. We may have an eye with which to see but may see things in a distorted manner because of, say, a nervous breakdown [23]. What the intellect discovers as order, necessity and intelligibility in the universe is a reflection of God’s own Nature and Will. The content and substance of what we do must also have a rational basis. The essence of the intellect is like a polished mirror on which the form of the Truth shines. It combines rational thinking and moral judgment. You are blessed with this opportunity of washing away your sins and to thank Allah (swt) for these blessings.”, (Remember) when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him, and He caused water (rain) to descend on you from the sky, to clean you thereby and to remove from you the Rijz (whispering, evil-suggestions, etc.) Thus the Qur’an says that “Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted” (al-An’am 6:103). (Source). And when you mention your Lord alone in the Qur’an, they turn back in aversion. Faith, by definition, must have a dimension that goes beyond reason; otherwise there would be no need for Divine revelation and the Prophets. We should read the Holy Quran for many reasons, in fact more than 20 reasons, but that is what I have compiled: 1- For it to intercede for us on the day of judgement. Our Lord, so forgive us our sins and remove from us our misdeeds and cause us to die with the righteous. Everything Happens For A Reason Quran Verse 165 Beautiful Islamic Quotes About Life With Images. 4. It can fill the spiritual void in all of us. The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. In an ontological sense, this means recognizing the reality of things as they are and see them as a “trust” (amanah) from God. – little do you reflect! Because of this, the sages (‘urafa’) have said that God does not manifest [Himself ] twice in the same form. Say [O Muhammad! Using the plural form, the Qur’an explains its verses to a “tribe, nation or community (qawm) who thinks” and chastises “those who do not use their reason” (see for instance, al-Baqara 2:164; al-Ma’idah 5:58; al-Ra’d 13:4; al-Nahl 16:12). Kant characterizes the essence of the Enlightenment as the “courage to think” for oneself freely. As God’s intelligent work, the world of creation reflects His creative power. {179} (al-A’raf 7:179). [12] What Kant has to say about this is worth quoting in full: “If reason will not subject itself to the law it gives itself, it will have to bow under the yoke of the law which others impose on it, for without any law whatsoever nothing, not even the greatest nonsense, can play its hand for very long. For a discussion of the trails of modern reason in Western philosophy in the 20th century, see Stephen Toulmin, Return to Reason (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001).

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